Blue Shark

Creature Feature – Blue Shark

This week’s featured creature is the blue shark. It’s not hard to see where this species got their name from! These elegant sharks have a beautiful metallic blue colouring, which provides camouflage out in the open ocean.

Blue sharks are curious, open-ocean predators that live throughout our planet’s oceans, from the tropics to cold temperature waters. Spending most of their lives far from the coast, they are truly a pelagic (open-ocean) species.

Blue Shark - Oceana


Scientific Name: Prionace glauca

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Genus: Prionace

© Oceana

Blue Shark Fact File

? Size: Individuals can grow up to 4m long and weigh up to 200kg

? Distribution: The blue shark is an open-ocean (or pelagic) species, found worldwide in tropical to cold temperate latitudes

? Diet: Their diet primarily consists of fish e.g. hake and anchovies, squid and crustaceans. However they have also been observed preying on seabirds and scavenging the carcasses of dead whales

? Behaviour: Individuals go on long migrations to reach areas of dense food resources and to find potential mates as males and females of this species live in different places. Females give birth to live young

? IUCN Status: Near Threatened. Since the 1970s, blue shark populations have declined in the Atlantic and Indian oceans, and they have increased only slightly in the Pacific Ocean. Their main threats include being caught as bycatch by commercial fishing fleets, which often go on to harvest the sharks’ meat and fins and sportfishing